Zodiac signs basics: Astrology 101 and the Language of the Stars

Astrology, or the belief that our lives are dictated by a celestial map of stars and planets in space, is an ancient practice.

The zodiac diagram which charts out 12 astrological signs was developed around 2nd century BC.

These twelve different symbols represent how Earth revolves through the heavens during one year on its axis with relation to Earth’s orbit across outer space (orbits).

Signs of the Zodiac

The 12 zodiac signs are the fundamental principle of astrology.

Each sign has its own characteristics, color, myths, and animals.

They all have an individual approach to life, complete with frustrating weaknesses and dynamic strengths.

The Western astrology zodiac is divided into twelve constellations, each occupying 30° of celestial longitude and representing a specific sign.

Signs of the Zodiac

The signs are Aries, Taurus, Gemini Cancer Leo Virgo Libra Scorpio Sagittarius Capricorn Aquarius Pisces.

Dates Of the Signs

The dates of the signs changes from year to year because the Equinox date isn’t precise.

This causes the start date of Aries to change, but it’s always between March 19 to March 21.

Natal Chart

Astrological charts are magical, they tell the story of who you were born to be.

At birth every person is given a chart that defines all aspects about them astrologicallyE

even down to their sensitive angles.

So what’s yours?

A Birth Chart might seem like it just tells your physical features and personality traits but in reality there’s much more than meets the eye

Such as something called “sensitive angle” which can change everything about an individual depending on where it falls within their chart.

This is due to its intensity when combined with other elements.

Or how close planets may get during different points throughout life cycle phases (such as a woman being pregnant).

Opposites and Elements

Each sign has an opposite which results in 6 opposite couples.

Air and fire elements are opposites, and water and earth elements are opposites.

Autumn signs are opposite to Spring signs, summer signs are opposite to winter signs, and vice versa.

Aries is opposite to Libra

Taurus is opposite to Scorpio

Gemini is opposite to Sagittarius

Cancer is opposite to Capricorn

Leo is opposite to Aquarius

Virgo is opposite to Pisces

Polarity – Positive and Negative

The zodiac signs are divided in half, one part of the sign’s alignment can either be positive or negative with different attributes.

Aquarius, Libra, Leo, Gemini, Sagittarius, and Aries are the active or positive polarity signs.

They are the odd-numbered signs, are also called masculine signs, yang or expressive, and they make up the air and fire triplicities.

Cancer, Taurus, Virgo, Scorpio, Pisces, and Capricorn are the passive or negative polarity.

They are the even-numbered signs and are also called feminine signs, yin or receptive, making up the water and earth triplicities.

The Three Modalities

The position of a sign in the season it is found is called the modality or mode.

There are three modalities: cardinal, fixed, and mutable, and each modality has four elements assigned to it, which is why they are also known as Quadruplicates.

The signs: Zodiac Signs Basics

Let’s look at each zodiac sign in more detail.

Aries – March 21- April 19

Symbol: The Ram


Modality: Cardinal

Element: Fire

Ruling Planet: Mars

Date: March 20 to April 19 for 2021

Traits: Gets bored easily

  • Always complies when dared
  • Easily forgets what made them angry 
  • Sees Life as a game they can win 

Aries is the first sign of the astrological zodiac.

In other words, they are independent and brave enough to take on life head-on rather than just observing it from afar like some people do with their lives.

Aries also possess a fiery demeanor that comes out in every sense.

You can see this fire shine through when an Arian talks, acts or even reacts.

All because Mars rules over them as well!

Taurus: April 20 – May 20

Symbol: The Bull


Modality: Fixed

Element: Earth

Ruling Planet: Venus

Date: April 19 to May 20 for 2021

Traits: Doesn’t like big changes

  • Always on the same outfit
  • All in or nothing. 
  • Stays home always 

Taurus is a dualistic sign, with both an Earth and Fixed nature.

They are the utmost of stable individuals who have intense stubbornness and loyalty to others, as well as their material possessions.

Taurus has Venus ruling it which means love for oneself combined with the desire to please those around them in order to provide comfort or luxury.

This can be seen through their tendencies towards food!.

If you leave them alone they will generally be peaceful but if provoked (which may come from not listening) then they become tenacious fighters that charge forward without fear.

Gemini: May 21 – June 20

Symbol: The Twins


Modality: Mutable

Element: Air

Ruling Planet: Mercury

Date: May 20 to June 21 for 2021

Traits: Knowledgeable about everything

  • Always tries to make jokes in every situation
  • Charismatic
  • Playfully argues and flirts at the same time

Gemini is a sign that loves to communicate – both with themselves and others.

They are ruled by Mercury, the communicative planet who also rules communication in our physical world.

Gemini stands out as being able to think about things from two perspectives at once:

  • Their own inner thoughts communicated outwardly through interacting with other people or ideas.
  • Or what they read/hear externally, making them adaptable and flexible just like their split symbol – twins!

Cancer: June 21 – July 22

Symbol: The Crab


Modality: Cardinal

Element: Water

Ruling Planet: The Moon

Date: June 21 to July 22 for 2021

Traits: Always there for everyone 

  • Has only one firm boundary
  • Wants comfort
  • Highly sensitive person

Cancer is the first water sign of the zodiac, and also one who possesses a lot of nurturing qualities.

Cancer has an affinity with domestic life/past, emotions, and other empathic abilities due to their feminine energy which they are in touch with on a natural level.

Cancers have this hard exterior that covers up how very sensitive they can be internally as well.

Just like crabs carrying around their home on their back for protection from change when it comes too close to them.

All symbolic representations that represent what cancer really embodies: strength under vulnerability

Leo: July 23 – August 22

Symbol: The Lion


Modality: Fixed

Element: Fire

Ruling Planet: The Sun

Date: July 22 to August 22 for 2021

Traits: Exudes creativity and  warmth 

  • Craves a luxurious lifestyle
  • Wants to be exceptional and noticed
  • Really big personality

Leo has a fixed sign and is very confident.

They are also passionate with an abundance of ambition, which can be seen in their love for the outdoors or even just how they bring entertainment to those around them.

The Lion’s pride does not falter when faced with adversity as long as that person remembers what Leo had done for him/her previously.

It only changes if you show no loyalty towards anyone who wronged them before-and then shows forgiveness regardless of whether there was any wrongdoing at all!

Virgo: August 23 – September 22

Symbol: The Virgin


Modality: Mutable

Element: Earth

Ruling Planet: Mercury

Date: August 22 to September 22 for 2021

Traits: Always overwhelmed by so many ideas

  • Exceptional spatial awareness
  • Quick-fix mentality
  • Judgemental, but with good intentions

The mutable Earth sign of Virgo has a humanitarian spirit and thirst for perfectionism.

Being grounded in tradition, they take care to notice the smallest details because this is what allows them to change the world around us into something better.

Libra: September 23 – October 22

Symbol: The Scales


Modality: Cardinal

Element: Air

Ruling Planet: Venus

Date: September 22 to October 23 for 2021

Traits: Always indecisive 

  • Open-minded and broad minded
  • Avoids conflict
  • Really good aesthetics

Libras are the most connected to relationships and partnerships, so they crave fairness in all of them.

An air sign, they enjoy intellectual pursuits as much as physical ones but justice is their main concern when it comes to these two realms.

Libra’s deep understanding for balance will be reflected by the Scales which reflects her dualistic nature and polarity-seeking personality traits

Scorpio: October 23 – November 21

Symbol: The Scorpion


Modality: Fixed

Element: Water

Ruling Planet: Pluto

Date: October 23 to November 22 for 2021

Traits: Gives eye to eye contact always

  • Can’t be sure if they’re serious or joking
  • OK with awkward silence
  • Leather jacket always fits

Scorpios have a calm demeanor, unless they are tested.

This is why the Scorpio’s symbol is that of the Scorpion; which may seem easy-going at first glance.

But if threatened, these creatures will sting with their strongest and quickest actions.

Their emotions are strong in nature and fixed by design, so it should come as no surprise to anyone else that they too can tap into those unseen parts of our world like Cancerians do.

And since both Mars and Pluto rule over this sign during its astrological cycle (every 2 years), you know how passionate things become for them when out on dates!

Sagittarius: November 22 – December 21

Symbol: The Archer


Modality: Mutable

Element: Fire

Ruling Planet: Jupiter

Date: November 22 to December 21 for 2021

Traits: Super-likable person at the party

  • Always truthfully no matter the situation 
  • Self-improves themselves 
  • Opinions are based on pure emotion

Sagittarius is the symbol of duality and a Fire sign.

They are intuitive, powerful, natural philosophers with an arrow ready to shoot from their bow in order to penetrate darkness before it can take hold.

Their intuition guides them through life’s mysteries as they balance both physical reality and spiritual intuition simultaneously.

All the while remaining open-minded enough for new perspectives on old ideas that have been handed down by society over time

Capricorn: December 22 – Jan 19

Symbol: The Sea Goat


Modality: Cardinal

Element: Earth

Ruling Planet: Saturn

Date: December 21 to January 20 for 2021

Traits: Already an adult from age six 

  • Slow to warm up to people
  • Doesn’t let emotion get in the way of success
  • Always responsible

Capricorns are the cardinal of Earth signs.

They have a ground-based sense and use their ambitious nature to create stability in solid reality.

Capricorns enjoy being admired or respected, viewing that as evidence of success given this is an earth sign which values realism and tradition grounded in reproduction stemming from sensual awareness.

If you want someone who gets things done with orderliness while not compromising on time for yourself, then look no further than this strong yet tender individual!

Aquarius: January 20 – February 18

Symbol: The Water Bearer


Modality: Fixed

Element: Air

Ruling Planet: Uranus

Date: January 19 to February 18 for 2021

Traits:  Love personal freedom

  • Always feels like they don’t belong 
  • Not a big fan of individuals but loves humanity
  • A strong believer in concepts not feelings 

The Aquarius sign is one of the most introspective and extroverted signs, as they are both thinkers and doers.

They possess great humanitarian qualities that manifest themselves in their actions for social justice.

Their goals may be lofty at times but they always strive to achieve them with a sense of determination-to give back what has been given to them by helping others succeed where they have failed before

Pisces: February 19 – March 20

Symbol: The Fishes


Modality: Mutable

Element: Water

Ruling Planet: Neptune

Date: February 18 to March 20 for 2021

Traits: Zero boundaries

  • Can’t tell if they are 5 or 50 years old 
  • Loves fantasy
  • Hyper Romantic 

Pisces is the final sign of the zodiac, which symbolizes ‘coming around full circle’ – both in physical growth and spiritual enlightenment.

Pisceans have a spiritually-based mindset that makes them tremendously intuitive, psychic and empathic.

Their deep passion for understanding karma religion & spirit world leads to their adaptability when dealing with people not living up to expectations

Pisces are known as dreamy individuals who sometimes find it hard to deal with those who can’t live up their high ideals


As you have now read, the signs of the zodiac have their own individual approach to life.

Astrology is a way to understand the world in which we live and to have a better sense of self.

No zodiac sign can be perfect on its own, it takes many different signs and meanings to make up the whole wheel of astrological understanding.

We hope you now have a grasp on the basics and we have more about astrology on this site.